Truth Research Resolutions

TRUTH RESEARCH COMMITTEE RESOLUTIONS ENDORSED BY THE WORLD DELEGATES CONFERENCES

Resolutions of the Truth Research Committee (TRC) related to the church doctrines and other meetings were endorsed by the following World Delegates Conferences (WDCs):

First World Delegates Conference (WDC-1)
March 6-10, 1967 (Taiwan)

Second World Delegates Conference (WDC-2)
April 8-12, 1975 (Taiwan)

Third World Delegates Conference (WDC-3)
April 13-17, 1981 (Taiwan)

Fourth World Delegates Conference (WDC-4)
April 11-15, 1985 (Sabah)

Fifth World Delegates Conference (WDC-5)
March 20-24, 1989 (U.S.A.)

Sixth World Delegates Conference (WDC-6)
1st Session: March 29-31, 1993 (Taiwan)
2nd Session: April 2-5, 1995 (U.K.)

Seventh World Delegates Conference (WDC-7)
1st Session: May 6-8, 1997 (Singapore)
2nd Session: March 22-24, 1999 (Taiwan)

Eighth World Delegates Conference (WDC-8)
1st Session: April 1-3, 2001 (Taiwan)
2nd Session: March 27-28, 2003 (Taiwan)

Ninth World Delegates Conference (WDC-9)
1st Session: March 27-29, 2005 (Sabah)
2nd Session: March 26-26, 2007 (Taiwan)

Tenth World Delegates Conference (WDC-10)
1st Session: March 30-31, 2009 (West Malaysia)
2nd Session: March 28-29, 2011 (Taiwan)

Eleventh World Delegates Conference (WDC-11)
1st Session: April 1-2, 2013 (U.S.A.)
2nd Session: March 29-30, 2015 (Sabah)

Twelve World Delegates Conference (WDC-12)
1st Session: March 22-23, 2017 (Taiwan)
2nd Session: March 20-21, 2019 (West Malaysia)

1) Name of the Church

  1. To confirm the name of the church (1967 WDC-1, I-Essential Doctrines: Proposal #7).
    • Suggestions
      The Chinese name remains as the “True Jesus Church.” For the purpose of unification, the churches in other countries may translate the name into their own language based on the Chinese name.
    • Resolution
      Passed.
  2. The view on “Renaming the church based on the Bible” (2003 WDC-8, TRC: 4).
    • Resolution
      The name of the church is the “True Jesus Church.” It cannot be changed.
    • Resolution
      Passed.

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2) Essential Doctrines (Basic Beliefs of the Church)

  1. To confirm the doctrine of Water Baptism. (1967 WDC-1, I-Essential Doctrines: Proposal #1)
    • Suggestions
      Believe that water baptism is the sacrament for the remission of sins and for regeneration. The person who officiates the baptism must have received baptism. The person shall baptize the one who receives baptism in the name of the Lord Jesus by full immersion with the head bowed in living water.
    • Resolution
      Passed as amended: Believe that water baptism is the sacrament for the remission of sins and for regeneration. The baptist must be one who has received baptism of water and the Holy Spirit. It must be performed in the name of the Lord Jesus, with the head bowed, and complete immersion in natural living water.
  2. To confirm the doctrine of Footwashing. (1967 WDC-1, I-Essential Doctrines: Proposal #2).
    • Suggestions
      Believe that the sacrament of footwashing is performed with the teachings of mutual love, holiness, humility, service and forgiveness and to have a part with the Lord. The sacrament of footwashing must be performed in the name of the Lord Jesus on those who have received water baptism.
    • Resolution
      Passed as amended: Believe that the sacrament of footwashing enables a believer to have a part with the Lord Jesus Christ. It also serves as a teaching of love, holiness, humility, service and forgiveness. Any one who has received water baptism must undergo footwashing once in the name of the Lord Jesus. Mutual footwashing may be practiced when necessary.
  3. Significance and efficacy of Footwashing. (1993 WDC-6, TRC: 4; 1993 WDC-6, TRC: 15)
    • Resolution (TRC: 4)
      • Passed as amended: The sacrament of footwashing enables a believer to have a part with the Lord. It also serves as a teaching of love, holiness, humility, service and forgiveness. Anyone who has received water baptism must undergo footwashing once in the name of the Lord Jesus. Mutual footwashing may be practiced when necessary.
      • Baptism speaks of forgiveness of sins through the precious blood of the Lord, rebirth, justification, putting on Christ, and becoming the children of God. The efficacy of the cleansing of sins by the Lord’s blood continues to endure in our life of faith.
      • The performance of footwashing is to have a part in the Lord instantly. Thereafter, through the Lord’s grace, truth, power and determination of the believers, one would be able to walk according to His teachings, pursue holiness, and to continuously have a part in the Lord.
      • The washing of one another’s feet teaches us to serve in humility, and to accept one another with love.
    • Resolution (TRC: 15)
      • Footwashing is a holy sacrament based on the following:
        • The Lord personally set an example (Jn 13:15)
        • The Lord commanded the disciples to perform the sacrament (Jn 13:15)
        • Has a direct relationship with salvation–having a part with the Lord (Jn 13:8)
        • One has to be sent in order to perform the sacrament (Jn 13:16)
      • The discussion on whether or not footwashing has a cleansing effect is to be continued (five votes for, three votes opposed, and 14 votes deferred for further research).
      • Regarding the relationship between footwashing having a part in the Lord, and baptism into Christ, the totality in grace and truth, their continuity and complementary aspects should be There shall be no conflicts or contradictions between the two.
      • The sequence of performing footwashing and baptism: Hong-Hsiung Ko was requested to research from the written records of the early churches for reference and further study by the TRC members.
      • Resolution regarding the washing of one another’s feet: According to the Basic Beliefs, Item 6, the sacrament is to be performed on each believer only once in a life time after baptism, while the washing of one another’s feet may be performed whenever necessary.
  4. Does footwashing have the efficacy of cleanliness? (1997 WDC-7, TRC: 1; 2003 WDC-8, TRC: 1; 2013 WDC-11, TRC: 1)
    • Resolution
      • Maintain our Basic Beliefs which emphasize on “having a part in the Lord.” (1997, 2003)
      • We continue to preach the teaching of footwashing as outlined in the Sixth Article of Faith. (1997)
      • We are cleansed through the blood of the Lord. Thus the footwashing sacrament does not have a cleansing effect. (2013)
  5. When footwashing is being performed, the executor girds himself with a towel, and then pours water to wash the feet of the newly baptized. The execution of and view on “girding” differs among the GAs around the world. (2011 WDC-10, TRC: 9-1)
    • Resolution
      Regarding ‘having a part with Christ’ in the footwashing sacrament: The efficacy of this occurs when the feet are washed in the name of Jesus. The minister should emulate the servant image of Jesus during the footwashing sacrament. As for the act of girding the waist with a towel, this can be adapted according to local conditions.
  6. To confirm the doctrine of the Holy Communion. (1967 WDC-1, I-Essential Doctrines: Proposal #3)
    • Suggestions
      Believe that the Holy Communion is the sacrament to commemorate the death of the Lord Jesus Christ. It enables believers to partake of the flesh and blood of our Lord, and to be in communion with Him so that they can have eternal life and be raised on the Last Day. This sacrament shall be held as often as possible. Only one unleavened bread and grape juice shall be used.
    • Resolution
      Passed.
  7. To confirm the doctrine of the Holy Sabbath. (1967 WDC-1, I-Essential Doctrines: Proposal #4)
    • Suggestions
      Believe that the Sabbath day (Saturday) is a holy day blessed and sanctified by God. It is to be observed under grace for the commemoration of God’s creation and salvation and with the hope of eternal rest in the future.
    • Resolution
      Passed.
  8. Holy Sabbath – Colossians 2:16-17. (1993 WDC-6, TRC: 2)
    • Resolution
      • The Sabbath is a weekly, cyclic Sabbath.
      • The dietary regulations which enable man to be sanctified have been fulfilled when Christ was crucified on the cross.
      • Feasts and New Moon symbolize the salvation of Their main activities were to offer sacrifices. However, these feasts, New Moon, including their statutes, ordinances and laws had been fulfilled in Christ.
      • Sabbath day is a permanent commandment which transcends the era of It signifies grace in Christ and eternal rest in heaven. Christ has brought the rest of grace and thus the old law has been fulfilled in Christ. Nevertheless, the commandment still remains, and the Sabbath we observe today is of grace. We observe it in order to receive rest in Christ and hope for eternal rest in the future.
  9. Discussion on the counting of the Sabbath day. (2003 WDC-8, TRC: 2)
    • Resolution
      The period of Sabbath day is from the sunset of Friday to the sunset of Saturday.
  10. To confirm the doctrine of Baptism of the Holy Spirit. (1967 WDC-1, I-Essential Doctrines: Proposal #5)
    • Suggestions
      Believe that receiving of the Holy Spirit is evidence for receiving the inheritance in the heavenly kingdom; and speaking in tongues is the proof of having received the Holy Spirit.
    • Resolution
      Passed.
  11. To confirm the theological concept of the only One God. (1967 WDC-1, I-Essential Doctrines: Proposal #6)
    • Suggestions
      Believe that Jesus Christ, in order to save humankind, became flesh and came to the earth. He died for sinners and resurrected on the third day. After returning to heaven, He becomes the Mediator. He is the only Savior for humankind. He and the Father are one. He is Master of the universe, and the only True God.
    • Resolution
      Passed as amended: Believe that Jesus Christ was manifested in the flesh, Who died on the cross for the redemption of sinners, was resurrected on the third day and ascended to heaven. He is the one and only Savior of humankind, the Ruler of heavens and earth, and the only true God.
  12. To add four more articles to the present Basic Beliefs. (1975 WDC-2, Essential Doctrines: Proposal #1)
    • Suggestions
      • Believe that the New and Old Testaments of the Holy Bible are inspired by God, and they are the only Scriptures which contain the True Words of God.
      • Believe that our church is established through the Holy Spirit of the Latter Rain, and that the church is the True Church revived from the original church.
      • Believe that we are saved by grace through faith, but we must strive to be holy with the help of the Holy Spirit, and carry out the teachings of Christ in reverence to God and love to others.
      • Believe that the Lord Jesus will descend from heaven on the Last Day to judge all men; the righteous will receive eternal life while the wicked will be condemned to eternal punishment.
    • Resolution
      The original proposal was amended and passed as follows:
      • Believe that the New and Old Testaments of the Bible are inspired by God, and are the only Scriptures to testify the Truth, as well as the standard guide for a Christian way of life.
      • Believe that our church is established by our Lord Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit of the Latter Rain, and is the True Church to revive the church of the Apostolic Era.
      • Believe that salvation is given by grace through However, it is necessary to rely on the Holy Spirit to attain holiness, and to fulfill the teachings of the Bible, to fear God and to love men.
      • Believe that the Lord Jesus will descend from heaven on the Last Day to judge all men; the righteous will receive eternal life while the wicked will be condemned to eternal punishment.
  13. To unify the church Basic Doctrines. (1985 WDC-4, V. Doctrines, and Church Practice: proposal 1)
    • Rationale
      The five Basic Doctrines: Baptism, Footwashing, Holy Communion, Sabbath and the Baptism of the Holy Spirit, were faithfully kept by our Church since its establishment and were confirmed, and passed during the 2nd and 3rd WDCs. Recently, a few believers have different interpretations of our Basic Doctrines, and their views are publicized, thus causing doubts in the minds of the spiritually young believers.
    • Suggestions
      • If there are any new insights concerning the five Basic Doctrines written either in Chinese or English, they are to be sent to the TRC to be studied first.
      • A two-thirds majority vote must be reached in the WDC before any of the Basic Doctrines could be amended.
      • Before any amendments are passed by the WDC, they are not to be announced or published, lest the faith of the members be affected.
      • The resolutions of the approved proposals are to be notified by mail to all GAs which, in turn, will inform their local churches to observe.
    • Resolution
      Passed.
  14. Discussion on the past resolutions made by the church in China concerning doctrines and teachings. (1997 WDC-7, TRC: 4)
    • Rationale
      • Elder John Yang pointed out that in 1947, the 11th National Church Conference held in the Nanjing Assembly passed the following resolutions:
        • Men shall take off their hats and women shall put on veils.
        • Besides during the sacrament of Holy Communion (during Passover), the breaking of bread may be performed whenever necessary.
        • Mode of baptism: shall follow the posture of Jesus on the cross.
        • Mode of  footwashing:  ministers may be requested to conduct footwashing for those who are dying so that they may be saved.
      • As there is no biblical basis for any of the above teachings, all the 28 members present in this TRC Meeting did not accept the above. The resolutions reached by the members of the TRC in regard to the four points mentioned above are:
        • According to the resolution made in the 4th TRC Meeting, there is no need to put on veils. This was passed in the 6th WDC.
        • 2-4: The mode of the sacraments of the baptism, footwashing and Holy Communion shall be conducted in accordance with the stipulated 10 Basic Beliefs of our church.
      • The churches in the northern region currently teach that:
        • One has to pray towards the west – because God is in the west.
        • One has to pray with both hands down—not with hands clasped.
        • Emphasize that the Holy Spirit will stop descending as of 1 May 1997.
    • Resolution
      • Sisters need not have to be veiled during worship services.
        Since veiling was one of the unique characteristics of the church in Corinth, it is therefore not a required practice during present church worship services. The TRC meeting of the 2nd WDC of 1989 resolved that it is not necessary for the sisters to veil themselves during worship services.
      • The Holy Communion sacrament need not be conducted on a specific day or on a specific time. The frequency of partaking the sacrament also varies.
        • The sacrament need not be conducted on a specific time
          • Our Lord Jesus is the Passover Lamb (1 Cor 5:7). He, therefore, instituted the Holy Communion sacrament during the Passover (Lk 22:7-20)
          • The religious festival is merely a prefiguration; the reality, however, is found in Christ (Col 2:16-17). The Holy Communion sacrament, therefore, need not be conducted on the 14th day of the first month of the Jewish religious calendar.
          • When our Lord Jesus instituted the Holy Communion sacrament, He merely instructed His disciples saying, ” ……, do this in remembrance of me.” (Lk 22:19). He did not say that you have to do this on a particular day.
        • Need not be conducted in the evenings.
          • The Passover lamb was slaughtered at dusk; and the Passover was held in the evening (Ex 12:6, 8, 12).
          • Our Lord Jesus and His disciples were together at the Last Supper (where the Holy Communion was instituted) during the evening time (Mt 26:20; Jn 13:2). However, His crucifixion took place in the day time (Mk 15:25; Jn 19:14, 16).
        • Varied frequency
          • “For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup until He comes” (1 Cor 11:26). The deeper meaning contained in this passage is that the church is to conduct the sacrament as often as she possibly can until He comes. The Bible, however, does not stipulate the exact frequency of conducting this sacrament.
          • The sacrament may be conducted monthly, quarterly or bi-annually.
      • Mode of baptism:
        Requires total immersion, with the head bowed down and facing downward and perform in the name of our Lord Jesus. The baptism need not have to imitate the appearance of Him on the cross. This is due to the fact that prior to His death, He was tortured and nailed to the cross. It is not merely the appearance on the cross, but the appearance that is already there when He is still living. His appearance is not portrayed only when He died. When Jesus breathed His last, the stark and unique appearance is that He bowed His head (Jn 19:30). The meaning behind “head bowed down” and the revelation given to Paul Wei, an early worker, is described as follows:
        • To have the appearance of the Lord’s death, we will be united with Him (Rom 6:5). The appearance of the Lord’s death is ” head bowed down” (Jn 19:30).
        • Head bowed down signifies dying with Christ; total immersion in water signifies to be buried with our Lord; to come up out of the water signifies resurrection with our Lord (Rom 6:3-5; Col 2:12).
        • To bow down the head shows a sinner’s penitence for mercy and pardon (Ezra 9:6; Ps 40:12; Lk 18:13-14).
        • On 8 April 1917, Paul Wei, an early worker, received a revelation from the Lord. He saw in a vision a baptism with the face down in an After the baptism, he lifted up his head and he saw the Lord appeared to him. The Lord appeared to him again when he was in the woods.
          –Since 1917, our church has done according to the revelation in adhering to this mode of baptism and have encountered many miracles.
          • During baptism, many people saw vision of the water having the blood of There are also cases where people were healed of their sicknesses after baptism.
          • These visions of the blood of the Lord and the miraculous heatings is proof that the baptism performed by the church is pleasing to God.
      • “Footwashing for those who are dying in order that they may be saved.” There is no biblical basis to this practice. Footwashing is a sacrament with a teaching. Further explanation is as follows:
        • As a teaching
          • This has a close correlation to the well-being of the church.
          • To wash one another’s feet (Jn13:14): To do this often because this is a teaching. This sacrament is to be accepted on a one to one basis and be performed only Thus, need not have to be reciprocated.
        • As a sacrament
          • This sacrament has a spiritual efficacy and is closely related to salvation Must be done using water in order that the washing and cleansing be effective (Eph 5:26).
          • As a teaching, the condition of one’s heart outweighs the doing of the sacrament. As such, no water is necessary. However, under special circumstances, water may be used to wash one another’s feet.
      • “One has to pray towards the west because God is in the west” – This is not a biblical teaching.
        Our Lord Jesus once told the Samaritan woman: “Believe me, woman, a time is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem. You Samaritans worship what you do not know; we worship what we do know, for salvation is from the Jews. Yet a time is coming and has now come when the true worshippers will worship the Father in Spirit and in truth.” (Jn 4:21-24)
        Our God is everywhere (Jer 23:23; Ps 139:7-8). God is over all, through all and in all (Eph 4:6). Hence, we must rely on the Holy Spirit to guide our prayers and intercessions. The Bible does not record that God resides in the west and the scriptures also does not tell us to pray facing west.
        The temple of the Old Testament prefigures the True Jesus Church of the New Testament. (Eph 2:20-21; Heb 8:1-2). The True Church has been chosen by God as His body and has the abidance of the Holy Spirit (1 Jn 3:24; Rom 8:9). God will hear our prayers when we pray to Him in the Spirit, not by facing west.
      • “One has to pray with both hands down – not with clasped hands”. This is not biblically-based.
        The most important attitude in prayer is to pray in Spirit and in truth. We can pray while sitting (2 Sam 7:18), or kneeling (Acts 20:36), or lying prostrate (Mt 26:39), or lifting up the hands (1 Tim 2:8), or looking up (Jn 11:41), or raising our voices (Acts 4:24), or praying in the heart (1 Sam 1:13), with tears (Heb 5:7), or beating the breast (Lk 18:13), or joyous (Lk 10:21). These are all done through the movement of the Holy Spirit and manifested naturally. There are no set ways or habitual forms of prayers. We must not be pretentious in our prayers or be a hypocrite (Mt 6:5). Let us take heed that we do not leave a foothold for the devil to cause any confusion.
      • “Emphasize that the Holy Spirit will stop descending as of 1 May 1997.” This is going against the teaching of the Bible. It is also a false prophecy. This date had already gone by, and the pouring of the Holy Spirit has not ceased.
        The Bible often uses rain to prefigure the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit that came down during Pentecost is known as the Autumn rain or the Early rain. The Holy Spirit of this present time is called the Spring rain or the Latter rain. Summer comes after spring and the former is the time of harvest. This prefigures the coming of our Lord Jesus. No one knows the hour or date of the Lord’s coming (Mt 24:36); in order that men may keep watch (Mt 25:13). This is a reminder that we will not be taken advantage of or deceived by unbelievers or the lawless ones. In the same way, the Bible does not clearly state when the spring rain will cease. If we know when the Holy Spirit will cease to descend and with regard to the coming of our Lord Jesus, no one can predict. In reality, if there is a certain prediction that the Holy Spirit will cease to descend on a specific year, or a specific month, or a specific day, only goes to show the seriousness of straying away from the biblical truth.
  15. The teaching of exclusivity. (1993 WDC-6, TRC: 14)
  16. The True Church comes from the east. (1993 WDC-6, TRC: 13)
    • Resolutions
      • According to the prophecy of the Bible, we believe that the True Church shall rise from the east.
      • According to historical fact, we believe that the “east” as prophesied by the Bible, refers to “China”.
      • When preaching the gospel, it is appropriate to start with the Basic Beliefs. After a person has believed, seek an opportune time to expound on the teachings that the True Church comes from the east.
  17. The One True Church (2003 WDC-8, TRC: 7)
    • Resolution
      • Our church is the only True Church of salvation.
      • Regarding the passage in Rev 19:11-16, the name True Jesus Church referred to here is only for our reference.
  18. How to keep and observe the Sabbath based on the teachings of the Bible? (2019 WDC-12, TRC: 9)
    • Resolution
      There is already a resolution pertaining to the principles in the observation of Sabbath day, the church pastors should according to these principles instruct the congregation to observe to the best of their abilities. (Refer to No. 7 and No. 8 of this section)

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3) Worship

  1. Should the Worship Be Unified? (1975 WDC-2, Other business: proposal 2)
    • Rationale
      • Prior to end of service, should benediction with raising of hands be imposed?
      • When officiating sacraments (e.g. Baptism, Holy Communion), should specific garments be worn (e.g. white or black robes).
      • When partaking the Holy Communion, is it necessary to wait for one another or the individual can partake upon receiving the bread and cup?
    • Suggestions
      • Should be unified.
      • Not necessarily to No rigid rule is imposed.
    • Resolution
      • No rigid rule is imposed.
  2. Following the concluding prayer is the congregation supposed to kneel or stand up when singing the refrain? (1981 WDC-3, IV. Doctrines, and Church practice: proposal 7)
    • Suggestions
      • Take the resolution of the Truth Research Committee Meeting as guidelines.
      • Amend suggestion #1 and resolve this proposal.
    • Resolution
      Passed according to the TRC resolution. It is scripturally valid to sing the concluding refrain in either a standing or a kneeling position. This issue has nothing to do with salvation. The posture of singing the concluding refrain should be in agreement with the preceding congregational prayer. The one who conduct the service should determine this for congregational uniformity.
  3. The prerequisite of the formation of a choir and members in the view of Bible. (2011 WDC-10, TRC: 8-6)
    • Resolution
      • Choir serves, exalts, gives thanks and praises God.
      • The choir members shall possess the following spiritual prerequisites:
        • To attain God’s abidance, their lives must be holy (2 Chr 20:21; Ps 29:2)
        • The motivation of participating in choir must be pure (1 Cor 10:31). They sing and praise God with a thankful heart (Col 3:16)
      • Since choir presentation is part of the holy work, choir members must in principle be members of TJC but in exceptional cases, individual local church council to make their own decisions.
  4. The Lord’s Prayer. (1967 WDC-1, IV. Other business: proposal 1)
    • Suggestions
      • Members may recite the Lord’s Prayer together during prayers.
      • To publish an exposition of the Lord’s Prayer in the form of tract.
    • Resolution
      Passed.
  5. Are we to commemorate the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ? (1981 WDC-3, IV. Doctrines, and Church practice: proposal 8)
    • Suggestions
      • To adopt the resolution of the Truth Research Committee.
      • To resolve after amending the suggestion #1.
    • Resolution
      Passed according to the amended suggestion #1.
    • Note
      The Holy Communion is to commemorate the death of our Lord Jesus Christ. A church should hold the sacrament service at least once every year to remember the death of Jesus Christ.
  6. Should a woman cover her head when praying or delivering a sermon? (1967 WDC-1, IV. Other business: proposal 3)
    • Suggestions
      • If the covering of head is practiced by certain region, the woman may do But this practice may not be carried out in other regions.
      • To be further studied and discussed.
    • Resolution
      Passed according to suggestions (a) and (b).
  7. To unite the English Bible (2011 WDC-10, TRC: 8-7)
    • Resolution
      • For articles and publications: required to use New King James Version
      • During sermons: strongly recommend to use New King James Version
      • Not recommended to use:
        The Living Bible/New Living Translation
        Good News Bible/Today’s English Version
        New International Version
        The Message
        New English Bible
  8. When performing foot washing, the executor girds himself with a towel, then pours water to wash the feet of the newly baptized. The execution of and view on “girding” differs among the Gas around the world. (2011 WDC-10: proposal 1)
    • Resolution
      Regarding ‘having a part with Christ’ in the footwashing sacrament: The efficacy of this occurs when the feet are washed in the name of Jesus. The minister should emulate the servant image of Jesus during the footwashing sacrament. As for the act of girding the waist with a towel, this can be adapted according to local conditions.

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4) Ministerial Matters

  1. Addresses and Duties of the Ministers
    • Addresses of Ministers
      • Elder
      • Deacon /Deaconess
      • Evangelist or Preacher
      • Pastor
    • Duties of A Preacher or Evangelist
      • Is the “status” of a preacher a sacred? Answer: Yes.
      • Preacher is a noun (1 Tim 2:7; 2 Tim 1:11).
      • Timothy received spiritual gifts through laying of hands by the council of elders by prophetic From here we can understand that he was ordained as a preacher (1 Tim 4:14; 2 Tim 1:6).
    • Duties of An Elder
      • To pastor
      • To manage (conduct Sacraments, perform ordination, attend Church Council/Board Meetings with the preacher.)
    • Duties of a Deacon
      • To assist preachers and elders in their work.
      • To attend Church Council/Board Meetings with the preachers.
      • To carry out the tasks entrusted by the church.
      • In principle, they do not perform the Sacraments and the ordination ceremony.
  2. Addressing the Ordained Fulltime Minister (1997 WDC-7, TRC: 5)
    • Resolution
      • “And his gifts were that some should be apostles, some prophets, some evangelists, some pastors and teachers” (Ephesians 4:11). Within our church, when addressing a preacher, according to their duty we can use the title “Elder”, “Evangelist””, “Preacher” or “Pastor”.
      • Although the title may differ because of the differing nature of one’s work, the purpose is “to equip the saints for the work of the ministry, for building up the body of Christ” (Ephesians 4:12). A divine worker is a servant of the Lord who serves the Duties and titles may be different but there is no implication at all as to who is more honorable than the other (Mark 10:42-45).
  3. Is It Necessary to Anoint Oil During Ordination? (1981 WDC-3, Doctrines and church practice: proposal 9)
    • Suggestions
      • Adopt the resolution of the True Research Committee Meeting.
      • Amend suggestion #1 and resolve this proposal.
    • Resolution
      Passed as suggestion #1. It is not necessary to apply oil during ordination.
  4. Can Deacons Be Ordained As Elders? (1975 WDC-2, Other business: proposal 1)
    • Suggestions
      • Deacons can be ordained as elders if they assume the work of an overseer and meet the qualifications.
      • The procedure of ordination should be followed according to those of elder and deacon.
    • Resolution
      The ordination of deacon may change to that of an elder. The details will be studied further by the Executive Committee of the International Assembly.
    • Note
      The resolution of the 1st meeting of 1st Executive Committee: Those deacons who meet the criteria according to the Bible may be ordained as elders by laying of hands.
  5. Should Preachers be ordained as Elders? (2011 WDC-10, TRC: 8-5)
    • Resolution
      Preachers who fulfilled the requirements and have experience of an overseer can be ordained as Elders (according to the needs and requirements of individual GA)
  6. Can An Ordained Minister Who Has Not Received the Holy Spirit Perform Sacraments? (1993 WDC-6, TRC:10)
    • Resolutions
      • A person who does not have the Holy Spirit does not possess the prerequisites of becoming a minister.
      • A minister who has not received the Holy Spirit shall not perform sacraments.
  7. Can a Woman Be Allowed to Deliver Sermon from the Pulpit? (1967 WDC-1, Special motions: proposal 1)
    • Resolution
      Women are allowed to deliver sermon and are also allowed to speak from the pulpit.
  8. Can a Woman Deliver Sermon? (1981 WDC-3, IV. Doctrines and church practice: proposal 6)
    • Suggestions
      • To adopt the resolution of the Truth Research Committee Meeting.
      • To resolve after amending the suggestion #1.
    • Resolution
      Passed according to TRC resolution. Women are allowed to deliver sermon from the pulpit.
  9. Can a Deaconess Perform the Laying of Hands? (1993 WDC-6, TRC: 8)
    • Resolution
      In accordance with the teaching of the Bible, there is no gender differentiation in the duties between a deacon and a deaconess. The deaconess should always pray for the infilling of the Holy Spirit, and be humble and submissive to the guidance of the Holy Spirit. In principle, it will be more suitable for a deaconess to lay hands on sisters or children.
  10. Can a Deaconess Perform Sacraments of Holy Communion and Baptism? (1993 WDC-6, TRC: 7)
    • Resolution
      According to the Bible, there is no gender differentiation between a deacon and a deaconess who are both ordained ministers. However, between the male and female, the deaconesses should uphold the virtue of submissiveness and humility. If a male ordained minister is available, he should perform the above sacraments.
  11. To Ordain Board Member as a Deacon for a Specific (1993 WDC-6, TRC: 9)
    • Resolution
      • A church board member may not necessarily be qualified to be ordained as a deacon.
      • There is no biblical reference as to the term of office for a deacon. The qualifications of a deacon and the duties of a board member are two separate Unless he has been dishonorably discharged of his duty, his deaconship should remain. The duties are assigned according to needs.
      • A deacon may be ordained as an elder if he meets the criteria and his duties are as outlined in the teachings of the Bible.
  12. Can a member remarry and carry on the ministry work if he/she has divorced before believing in Christ? (2011 WDC-10, TRC: 9-2)
    • Resolution
      • Prior to baptism, one must carefully review one’s marital After baptism, one must continue in pursuit of being a new creation (1 Cor 5:17, Eph 4:20-24)
      • Remarriage permissible.
      • If one fulfills the required qualifications for divine office, this one can be ordained (1 Tim 3:2, 8)
  13. Is it proper to a minister who is divorced keeps carrying on his/her ministry? (2011 WDC-10, TRC: 9-3)
    • Resolution
      Resolution: Ministers who have divorced are unsuitable to continue to bear divine office (1 Tim 3:5, 8), but if there are any exceptional circumstances, they can be raised to either the GA or IA to be dealt with on a case-by-case basis.

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5) Marriage & Divorce

  1. Adultery issue raised by US GA (1993 WDC-6, TRC: 5)
    • If a believer legally divorces his/her spouse on account of adultery and who is later excommunicated; or a believer who divorces a spouse who is a non- believer on the ground of adultery and later they live together, how would the church handle such a situation?
    • Please study whether re-marriage is allowed based on the following divorce situations:
      • lf the divorce is not on account of adultery.
      • If a wife divorces her husband on the ground of adultery, is she permitted to remarry while her husband is still alive?
      • Other reasons.
    • Resolution
      • If it does not constitute adultery, but is not glorifying to God, the church should give serious warning to them.
      • The Bible teaches against divorce, except for reason of If the parties divorce not on account of adultery, unless they are reconciled or one party dies, they must not remarry.
    • The stand adopted by the TRC Meeting with regard to marriage of believers is as follows:
      • “What God has joined together, let not man separate. ” The will of God is that husband and wife shall be faithful to one another till the end.
      • If the divorce is not on account of adultery, one shall not remarry until the death of the other party.
      • A husband who is divorced because his wife commits adultery may re-marry.
      • Unless the husband has passed away, a divorced wife shall not re-marry.
      • Elder S T Hsieh, Elder Fong-Lai Lin, Pr S K Yang, Dn Meishi Tsai, and Elder Yang Do Bae were requested to present a research paper with the perspective of the TRC on the above resolution within a year.
    • The contents of this Truth Research Committee Meeting (Mar 23-24, 1993) are as follows:
      • In addition to the resolution made in 1989, a second resolution is also made hereunder:
        • What God has joined together, let not man separate (Mk 10: 9).
        • If the divorce is not on account of adultery, the innocent party shall not remarry. (1 Cor 7: 10-11)
        • If the divorce is on account of adultery, the innocent party may remarry only with the consent of the Church Committee.
        • When a special circumstance arises, the Church Committee may make decisions at its discretion.
      • The above is the content of the discussion.
      • The resolutions made in this Meeting, together with 1989 and 1993 shall be submitted to the WDC for final decision.
    • Passed with 16 votes, none against, and 1 abstained.
    • Passed and to present to WDC.
    • Resolution (WDC):
      Study needs to be continued.
  2. Questions regarding Divorce and Re-marriage. (1997 WDC-7, TRC: 2)
    • Resolution
      • A brother and sister become one flesh through marriage. They shall be faithful to each other and shall not divorce. (Mk 10: 7-9)
      • If the spouse is an unbeliever, the brother or sister shall remain faithful even though difficulties or problems may arise in the marriage and initiation of divorce should not be encouraged (1 Cor 7:12-17).
      • All GAs are requested to uphold the principles in the Bible when dealing with problems regarding marriage. These matters are to be handled with caution and at the same time, using the methods adopted by each GA as reference.
    • Can a sister, who has been raped, marry another man? If the sister is pregnant due to the rape, can she have an abortion? (1997 WDC-7, TRC: 3)
      • Resolution
        • The sister can marry another man.
        • She can go to a hospital immediately to undertake appropriate medical procedures to avoid pregnancy. If she is pregnant, advice shall be given by the church that abortion shall not be undertaken. This however cannot be enforced by the church if the sister insists on an abortion.
  3. Maintaining A Polygamous Relationship After Baptism? (2003 WDC-8, TRC: 8)
    • Resolution
      • According to the teachings of the Bible, marriage should be monogamous, and this is the moral principle.
      • The person receiving baptism may maintain their current marriage status.
      • If after baptism, if a man currently has more than one wife, then he may not be ordained. (1Tim 3:2).
  4. If one had left the church and committed sexual immorality with a gentile but later repented, received the Holy Spirit, and becomes fervent in the church, could this member be married to a fellow member in the Lord? (2015 WDC-11, TRC: 1)
    • Resolution
      • If this member is married: Once one left the church and has a sexual relationship with a gentile, one has committed adultery (Heb 13:4) and is not permitted to remarry in the Lord.
      • If this member is not yet married:
        • Having a sexual relationship before marriage means the two have become one flesh, therefore cannot marry a third party.
        • If the unbelieving party has left the marital relationship (for example in disagreement) but since then has not committed any sexual relationship or remarried, one must not remarry (as the marital vow is still binding). If one is remarried, one commits adultery (Mt 5:32)
        • A believer who had sexual relationship with an unbeliever of the opposite gender before marriage and the subsequently passed away, may be remarried to another believer, provided he has repentance and zeal.
        • If the unbelieving party has gone missing and could not be contacted nor located, the local church council concerned is to handle on a case-by-case basis.

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6) Others

  1. How are we to deal with the portraits of Jesus and the image of the cross? (1981 WDC-3, IV. Doctrines and church practice: proposal 10)
    • Suggestions
      • To adopt the resolution of the Truth Research Committee Meeting as guideline.
      • Amend suggestion #1 and resolve this proposal.
    • Resolution
      Passed according to suggestion #1.

      • To avoid idolization, the hanging of Jesus’ image or portrait (either on the wall, or on display anywhere) or the printing of it on publications are prohibited.
      • The issue whether a chapel may erect a cross is still left to the discretion of local churches, as resolved by the 1st WDC. No rigid rule is imposed.
      • To avoid idolization of the cross, any visible sign of the cross shall be removed from inside the chapel or pulpit.
  2. Can a Cross Be Erected Outside the Chapel? (1967 WDC-1, Other business: proposal 2)
    • Suggestions
      Each local church may decide for itself. No uniform rule is necessary.
    • Resolution
      Passed.
  3. Can Christians be Cremated? (1993 WDC-6, TRC: 6)
    • Resolution
      Resurrection is not affected by any mode of burial. There is no specific biblical teaching against cremation.
  4. Proposal to Stop Using the Term “Jehovah” to Address God. (1997 WDC-7, TRC: 6)
    • Resolution
      No ballot is cast on this proposal. As to whether to discontinue using the term “Jehovah:, it will only serve as a reference for each individual church.
  5. Views On Whether God Can Be Addressed As “Jehovah” (2003 WDC-8, TRC: 5 / 2005 WDC-9, TRC:8-3)
    • Resolution
      • Using the name “Jehovah” in does not constitute the transgression of calling God’s name in vain. (2003)
      • We request the USGA to reconsider their resolution so that it is in accordance with the resolution of the IA. (2003)
      • It is not appropriate to call God “Yahweh” or “Jehovah”. However it is not a sin as to misuse the name of God. (2005)
  6. Truth in Bible, Entrusted Once for All, gradually Becomes Evident. (2011 WDC- 10, TRC conclusion: 8-3)
    • Resolution
      • To amend 2005 Resolution as “Truth of salvation was entrusted completely to the saints and prophets once for all, will not change and only through guidance of the Holy Spirit will men be able to enter into all truth” (Jude 3, Jn 16:12-13)
      • The Truth that God wants to give us in the Bible has been entrusted completely and it will not change and the understanding of the Church towards the Truth will be revealed through the Holy Spirit” (1Cor 2:10)
  7. Discussion on Millennialism. (2011 WDC-10, TRC conclusion: 8-1)
    • Resolution
      • The purpose for God to bound Satan for a thousand years is “to keep him from deceiving the nations no more; “deceiving the nations” refers to the great persecution and great battle prior to the end of the world.
      • The thousand years that Satan was bound and the millennial spiritual kingdom are in the same period as the True Jesus Church reigned with Christ for a thousand years (1-6) and the millennial spiritual kingdom starts from the advent of the True Church in the end time.
      • Great events will occur after the end of 1000 years as follows:
        • Satan will be released and the greatest persecution and battle will occur.
        • Satan will be thrown into the lake of fire and then the great judgment in the end day starts.
  8. Book of Romans. (2011 WDC-10, TRC conclusion: 8-2)
    • Resolution
      • God is Omniscient, Omnipotent, Omnipresent, the one and only True Other than Him, there is no other who is self existing.
      • God’s Omniscience, Omnipotence, Omnipresence is absolute, therefore before the creation He totally knew all options and conclusions.
      • The above two are the common understanding passed by the IA TRC. If there are any views that differ from these, they must not be discussed in other occasions other than in the Truth Research Meeting. (Isa 41:4, 45:5, 18, 48:3, 8; Jer 32:17, 27; Gen 15:13-16; Deut 31:16; Ps 139; Lk 22:31-34; Jn 1:18- 19)
  9. Building up the Body of Christ. (2011 WDC-10, TRC: 8-4)
    • Resolution
      • The system of service of the preachers needs to be well established.
      • The system for elders and deacons to manage the church should be established (refer to minutes of the previous TRC meeting minutes).
      • The working committee of the church must be complete and work should be assigned according to various gifts.
      • The establishment and management of the church should follow the principle of self-sufficient, self-sustaining and self-propagating.
      • The organization of a GA or IA-directed Coordination Board must not surpass the teachings of the Holy Bible. As entrusted servants of God, each organization is to minister to the house of God with the truth and to adopt the spirit that Christ is the head of the household as the guiding principle in managing the church organization (Mt 20:25-28, Mk 10:42-45). It must be done out of willingness and eagerness, not with dominancy but as examples to the flock (1 Pet 5:1-4, Acts 20:28-30).
      • The truth of the bible should be manifested in the church, the general assembly should take the role liken to Paul in Antioch; the international assembly should emulate apostles and elders in Jerusalem to lead churches of this world to be united in the truth. To have a uniformed organisational structure, so that the churches of the Lord will be united as one.
      • Every General Assembly should go through the proper channels to set up their organisation guidelines and by-laws in accordance to biblical truth. International assembly will be responsible for this matter in areas with coordination boards or places without general assemblies.
  10. In the New Testament, one must first receive the Holy Spirit before one can pursue being filled by the Holy Spirit. (2013 WDC-11, TRC: 5)
    • Do water baptism and the receiving of the Holy Spirit happen at the same time?
      • The verses below require accurate interpretations:
      • Resolution
        • We have received the remission of sins and have become the children of God after baptism. We must also receive the Holy Spirit of promise as the guarantee of the heavenly inheritance. Speaking in tongues is the sign used to determine the receiving of the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:4, Eph 1:13-14.)
        • ‘Receiving the Holy Spirit’ means that the Holy Spirit is poured down onto one and that one is able to utter in This is called ‘the Holy Spirit of promise’ (Acts 2:4).
        • Before one receives the Holy Spirit, one can receive ‘the promise of the Holy Spirit’ through faith and will one day receive ‘the Holy Spirit of promise’ in a manner that can be seen and heard (Acts 2:33). This promise of the Holy Spirit is given to those who come to the Lord (Jn 7:37-38). They are those whom He has chosen (Acts 2:39). Thus Peter called upon those who were cut to the heart by what they heard to repent and be baptized, so that they would receive the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:38). It can be seen that those who have yet to receive the Holy Spirit will, upon baptism, receive the promise of the Holy Spirit, which is the promise of receiving the Holy Spirit in the future.
        • Speaking in tongues demarcates the Holy Spirit of promise from the promise of the Holy Spirit.
        • We can therefore see that receiving water baptism and receiving the Holy Spirit are two separate The Spirit can be received before baptism, during baptism, or after baptism.
    • If after baptism a member exhibits love, joy, peace, and so forth, or is zealous in serving in the church but has yet to utter in tongues, has this member received the Holy Spirit?
      • Resolution
        After conversion, one is to pursue the work of faith (Jas 2:22), love, joy, peace, and so forth. Jesus said, “I am the true vine… Every branch in Me that does not bear fruit He takes away; and every branch that bears fruit He prunes, that it may bear more fruit” (Jn 15:1-2).
        Cornelius had been a devout man even before he received the Holy Spirit. His entire family feared God, gave alms generously to the people, and prayed to God always. His righteous deeds bear resemblance to the fruit of the Spirit and were remembered by God. He, however, did not have the indwelling of the Holy Spirit; he lacked the knowledge of the Lord and was not yet baptized for the remission of sins. So, with the guidance of God, Cornelius invited Peter. He heard the truth and then received the Holy Spirit. (Acts 10)
        When the Samaritans believed in the word Philip preached to them, they received water baptism and had great joy. And yet, two apostles were sent from Jerusalem to help lay hands on them that they might receive the Holy Spirit (Acts 8).
        It is illogical to claim that the receiving of the Spirit is based upon good behavior resembling the fruit of the Holy Spirit. For a baptized member who has yet to receive the Holy Spirit, showing good behavior is owing to the movement of the Holy Spirit.
    • What is being filled by the Holy Spirit? What is the difference between being filled by the Holy Spirit in the New and Old Testaments?
      • Resolution
        One who is filled by the Holy Spirit (full of the Holy Spirit) is someone who has already received the Holy Spirit, speaks in tongues, relies on the Holy Spirit to live and conduct life, and bears the fruit of the Holy Spirit. Examples include: the seven chosen to serve (Acts 6:5), and Barnabas (Acts 11:24). Stephen was also called one who was full of the Holy Spirit.
        The reality of being filled by the Spirit has occurred in the Old Testament time, as well as that of the New Testament. In the Old Testament time, one was filled with the Holy Spirit to do what the Holy Spirit wanted one to do. For example, Zacharias was filled with the Holy Spirit and prophesized (Lk 1:67). After his prophecy, however, the Holy Spirit did not abide with him eternally.
        In the New Testament time, Peter was filled with the Holy Spirit and stood before the Sanhedrin to testify of the salvation of the Lord Jesus (Acts 4:8). After Peter’s testimony, the Holy Spirit continued to remain in him. This is the Holy Spirit that lived within him eternally. In sending out the 12 disciples, the Lord Jesus prophesized to them, “But when they deliver you up, do not worry about how or what you should speak. For it will be given to you in that hour what you should speak” (Mt 10:19).
        “For it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you” (Mt 10:20). Since Peter had the indwelling of the Spirit, it was the Spirit who stirred him to speak from within. After then, the Holy Spirit continued to remain in him. For this is the Spirit promised by God to dwell in one forever.
        The fullness of the Holy Spirit in this case is perpetual. It differs from the Old Testament accounts of those whom the Spirit had filled or descended upon to carry out an entrustment from God.
        The Holy Spirit was yet to be given before Jesus’ ascension, since Jesus was not yet glorified (Jn 7:39, 16:7). The Holy Spirit would come upon or descend upon men. Examples include the cases of Balaam, Othniel, Gideon, Jephthah, Samson, Saul and David, Amasa, as well as Joseph (Gen 41:38) or Daniel (Dan 4:8-9). All these point to the temporary indwelling or movement of the Holy Spirit, but not eternal indwelling.
        After one has believed in the Lord and received water baptism, though one has yet to receive the Holy Spirit, one may sometimes be moved by the Holy Spirit to do what the Holy Spirit wants to do. What is required of such a person is to pray for the indwelling of the Spirit and be one who is filled by the Holy Spirit.

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